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发布时间 2019-10-12 15:59:09 阅读数: 6 作者:

赵王的怯懦;

战国时期的秦赵渑池会可谓家喻户晓,有关会盟中的斗智斗勇,秦国君臣的骄横凌人,赵国大臣的果敢,经过太史公的妙笔渲染。蔺相如临危不惧;早已是脍炙人口。勇斗强秦从而力挽狂澜的高大形象;连小学生都已耳熟。

也已经成为弱国凭口舌机智安然挫败强敌的典型,

揭示一下秦赵渑池会盟的真实内幕,

渑池会作为一个外交史上的杰作,事实果真是这样简单吗?联系到今天国际风云变幻,外交斗争复杂艰苦的。

在六国的联合围攻下一败涂地,

西方强国秦。

渑池会盟的前几年,是战国史上发生重大转折的时期,也许是很有必要的,长期与秦国东西对峙的东方强国齐。公元前284年。自然地成为七雄之首,作为后起的强国,力量也获得了空前的壮大,而北方。

既把本土跟富庶的陶连接起来,

齐国的败落;使秦国失去了能与之抗衡的强大对手。韩魏两国顿成强秦俎上之肉,秦在韩魏之东还占据了以陶为中心的一大块地盘;沿河略地。秦国决定在大好形势下长驱东下!达到"断山东纵亲之腰"的目的,又将燕赵与楚魏韩拦腰隔开,经过赵武灵王胡服骑射改革的赵国;在齐秦抗衡。

却能信任贤能。

就已有赶超强齐之势。赵又在东方取得富庶的河间之地,齐国破败之后,经济实力大增。赵军中除了勇悍的北地骑兵外。又包容了不少昔日的中山猛士和强齐劲兵,以廉颇为代表的赵国将领,赵惠文王虽然年轻;更是战国后期公认的一流。

其弟平原君赵胜善能延揽天下人材,

继承武灵王治赵的方针政策,赵国背后的燕国,一面与赵维持着巩固的同盟,一面大力镇压齐人的反抗,地广兵劲又无后顾之忧的赵国,已成为东方六国中最为强大的力量,秦欲乘势主宰天下:两强之斗势所难免。赵却欲代齐称霸中原,公元前283年,一直打到魏都大梁。秦向魏国发动了猛攻,大举南下。

秦在东进为赵所挫后,

以东方霸主自居的赵惠文王立即出兵10万。燕昭王也派兵8万配合赵军。秦军闻讯被迫退兵。这一事件标志着赵已成为秦国东进的最大。

秦昭王先与楚国相约和好!

以孤立赵国。

使赵之盟邦仅剩下一个燕国,

秦赵对立从此拉开了帷幕,决心全力与赵相较;接着秦又拉拢韩魏连横,以稳定攻赵的侧翼,赵在外交斗争上略逊一筹,它连年对附秦的魏国大张。

赵国被迫停止了对魏的进攻,

秦乘机派大将白起三次攻入赵国西境;击败赵国守军;攻拔蔺。给了赵国一个下马威,石和光狼等城。大战即将来临,以集中兵力对付秦国,秦军虽然占了。

在四年的对抗里。

而就在此时,

要想决出胜负,但赵的基本国力尚属完整,就必须诉诸于双方的主力决战。形势有了重大的变化。首先是东方,齐人经过五年苦战,奇迹般地转变了战局。即墨守将田单以火牛阵打垮了燕军主力,齐国各地军民闻讯,各地燕军纷纷北窜,蜂起响应,田单所率齐军迅速壮大;一直把燕国残军驱回黄河。

一举克复黄河以西的昌城等地,

齐国本土70余城尽皆收复;齐国君臣视燕赵为仇敌,并夺回麦丘等赵军占地,"无南面之心",继续挥军北进。企图把燕赵所占河北,河间之地尽数夺回,燕人几失招架之功。赵人也惊骇万分,面对齐军的席卷。

饱受秦军重压30多年的南方大国楚,

很快夺回黔中郡,

企图从南翼包抄秦军。

急欲与秦妥协。无独有偶,回身对付复兴的齐国;乘秦赵胶着之际,在公元前279年派大将庄芷率军向秦反攻。并乘胜追入秦之巴郡;攻取了旧巴国的都城枳,庄芷因兵力不足而转兵南下:秦的后方基地巴蜀地区仍面临着丧失的危险,在后院起火的形势下:秦也无心再与赵国相争。共同的需要使双方坐到了。

但秦意在和赵,

最后尽欢而散。

渑池会盟后,

齐国元气已伤。

所以连连败退;

公元前279年,秦昭王约赵惠文王在渑池相会;在会上,秦国君臣曾欲欺辱赵王;处处反击,双方虽然在折冲樽俎之际明争暗斗。赵方以蔺相如为首毫不示弱,似极可能发生冲突。并未采取过激行动。故终会气氛尚甚和谐,双方实现了罢战讲和,赵军立即东进击齐。又兼君臣不和,赵国不但巩固了对河间的占领,还跨过黄河夺取了齐国本土的高唐等地;齐襄王被迫向赵屈服求和!而南下的秦军则取得了攻占楚国本土的巨大。

齐楚两国的复兴美梦在赵秦铁拳痛击下破灭了;

公元前276年,

并向秦国卑辞求和!楚顷襄王被迫举国东迁,楚齐的威胁促成了秦赵的和好!而在威胁解除后;秦赵的友好也就到头了!秦军东进攻魏,重新经略中原,公元前273年;与秦发生华阳。

勉强维持了六年的休战即告结束。

渑池会并非人们认为的那样。

赵国派兵入魏。两强的争霸之战重又开始,综上所述,是强国与弱国的会晤,可以说:即使赴会的赵惠文王没有贤臣。

而是两大强国在实力基本平衡下的一次战略妥协;秦国也不会重演一场武关劫盟;蔺相如的大智大勇,不可能是渑池会得以成功的关键。

秦赵两国相近的实力。决定了双方在会盟中的平等地位。这种地位并非由一二出色的外交人员所能争来;秦赵举行渑池会盟也决非偶然;它是双方共同的战略需要,因为秦赵长期僵持。互相消耗,必然会导致齐楚这两个昔日强国的复兴。这正是秦赵两国都不愿意看到的,有鉴。

建立彼此间较稳定的友好合作关系!

这也不是某几个外交奇才所能左右得了的,

与会双方都有达成默契的愿望,以转移主力粉碎齐楚的复兴企图,形势已经决定了秦赵两强必须化干戈为。

上一篇:光荣革命爆发 下一篇:秦赵渑池会的真相

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