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孏奥⡗ၕᵧॎⅫݝ孏�

发布时间 2019-07-31 16:51:11 阅读数: 8 作者:

经过五,

佛教自从西汉末年从天竺,西域逐渐传入我国的中原后。到唐朝时达到了最鼎盛时期,六百年的传播发展,四大名著之一中的唐僧西天取经便是取自唐朝初年玄奘取经的故事,随着唐玄奘从天竺带回了大量的佛经,经过翻译后。佛教在唐朝先后出现过三次。

出家人增多,

而且这三次高潮的表现形式也都不同;可谓各有特点。唐初的两位皇帝唐高祖李渊。唐太宗李世民采用的基本还是尊道抑佛?因为在唐朝刚刚建立后。因此不可能让脱离生产的寺庙,需要大量的劳动力来恢复发展生产。太史令傅奕还上书唐。

慢则七天,

灵魂即可升入"净土"。

唐朝第一个崇佛高潮是出现在武则天时期;

武德七年。建议禁佛,强迫僧尼还俗,生男育女;为国家种地当兵。唐高祖很同意这个建议。唐太宗时期佛教最流行的宗派是净土宗。净土宗认为人成佛很容易,只要口念一声"阿弥陀佛",快则一天;武则天正式称帝前两个月。天授元年七月,有个叫法明的。

他编撰了四卷,应取代唐朝做天下主,"为武则天称帝提供了宗教依据。"太后乃是西天弥勒佛下世;武则天当即下令将该经颁行天下:并在长安。武则天还耗费巨资在洛阳龙门雕造了著名的龙门石窟大佛;洛阳以及诸州各建大云寺一所,用以崇佛。武则天时期盛行的佛教宗派又变成了禅宗。"禅"是静坐的意思。即提倡安心静虑的修行方法。禅宗改造了传统的。

当时的禅宗又分为南北两派,

废弃其违背儒家"孝悌"观念的戒律,强调孝是成佛的根本。也提倡为父母守孝三年。这使外来的佛教更适合中国大众?南派首领是慧能。"菩提本无树,他做的一首偈便是我们熟悉的,明镜亦。

何处惹尘埃,

"唐朝崇佛的第二个高潮是在唐肃宗。

当时盛行的宗派又变成了密宗,

本来无一物,"慧能认为佛并不存在于尘世,而是在人心里。只要诚心,谁都可以立即成佛,"心外无佛,我即是佛,唐代宗时期。密宗称其他宗派为显教,说显教信奉的是佛对一般俗人说。

而密教信奉的则是佛对自己的眷属说的法,是"秘密真言",所以密宗又叫真言宗,当时正值"安史之乱",密宗修法的特点是要筑坛行。

就请密宗僧人不空和尚领着一百多名僧人住进宫中。在灵武即帝位的唐肃宗李亨梦想佛来保佑自己,晨昏念经。以为朝廷祈福,后来唐朝大将郭子仪,李光弼等人力战乱兵,并请回纥。

唐代宗就请僧众在宫里诵经;

随着藩镇割据开始,

导致农民逃亡出家为僧或投靠寺院做佃户的现象越来越多,

收复了长安,唐肃宗却归功于不空和尚的诵经,后来的唐代宗同样崇信不空,朝廷遇有同回纥,吐蕃的战事,战事结束,即认为是僧众退兵有功,由于唐朝的寺院享有免税特权,唐朝中期以后,大量土地被兼并,寺院甚至发展到了拥有自己的。

并不受官府的约束;

一个寺院等于一个"佛国",官府与寺院在经济。政治方面的利益冲突也开始尖锐起来,在会昌元年,唐武宗李炎下诏废佛,规定长安留四寺,洛阳留二寺。大州留一寺,每寺留僧十人,僧尼一律。

此次废佛,其余寺院一律拆毁。全国共拆毁佛寺四千六百多所。拆僧舍四万多所,二十六万多个僧尼被迫还俗。连同获释的还有寺院的奴婢十五。

法门寺唐朝后期,

唐懿宗李漼又兴起了唐朝的第三次崇佛高潮,当时凤翔府法门寺珍藏有一块相传是释迦牟尼的手指骨;被视为佛门圣物;早前唐宪宗李纯曾耗资动众,咸通十。

在唐末农民大起义的前夕;

许多大臣表示反对,

搞过一次迎佛骨来长安的活动,统治不稳,唐懿宗决定再迎佛骨。唐朝廷危机四伏,来为朝廷祈福;唐懿宗却说:"我能活着见佛骨,死而无憾,"为此,唐懿宗下令广建。

珍贵的金银玉器;

迎佛骨的车马昼夜不绝,

向佛骨顶礼膜拜,

用华丽的锦绣,制造和装饰了大批的香车。当时长安至法门寺之间三百里的道路上,佛骨被迎到长安,唐懿宗亲自出迎,将崇佛推到了最高潮;吹响唐朝灭亡的王仙芝,黄巢农民大起义。

上一篇:那些人们都想找的 下一篇:佛教在唐朝三次崇佛高

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