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发布时间 2019-07-29 23:00:02 阅读数: 5 作者:

明太祖朱元璋为何要插手南北榜案?南北榜案,是发生在明朝洪武三十年丁丑科会试后的一件大事,一桩奇事。一则丑事;说它大;最后演变成为一场南北方人对抗的政治运动,是因为一次北方落第举子的。

朱元璋亲自出马才搞定;

而次榜六十一人则是清一色的北方人,

通过科举考试选拔人才是礼部的事情,

可身居皇位,

说它奇;是因为此科出现了两榜,初榜公布的五十二人全是南方人。说它丑,是因为朱元璋再次施展残酷手段,借机铲除反对势力,制造了二十余名考官被凌迟处死的血腥惨案。按理说:兴师动众,日理万机的朱元璋为什么会如此不顾。

引起了朱元璋对他们的猜忌,

大动肝火,屠杀考官呢?笔者认为有三个原因,朱元璋从大局出发。通过此举收伏北方士子之心。考官们没有领会皇帝的意图;朱元璋借机铲除反对势力。实行文化专制,一直观望。

由于各地区存在着经济,

作为皇帝。

北方士子受到战乱的影响,迟迟不愿依附明朝;用科举制度收伏北方士子之心是当务之急。文化发展的不平衡,若仅以文章的好坏录取士子!势必造成地区间极大的差异。一些落后地区的士子永无出头之日,会影响落后地区的发展及政局的稳定,朱元璋把握的是。

考虑的是稳定,

只有采取人为平衡的办法;

朱元璋的这一思路是清晰的,

选几个北方举子上榜,

才能平息北方知识分子的不平,安抚北方举子之心。是正确的;是明智的,他先是要求主考官刘三吾搞搞平衡!但偏偏众人都不买他的帐;结果遭到了刘三吾的一口拒绝。他命侍读张信等人主持考卷复审,增加入围名额,希望能选上几个有才华的北方人,但让朱元璋大跌眼镜的是:复审结果与初审结果完全一致,北方人照样再次全体名落。

我行我素,

很窝火。

朱元璋这才决定亲自出马,

不论是刘三吾还是张信?

张信等人不能体会朱元璋的用心,使皇帝很受伤,很没面子;亲自主持试卷第三次审阅。都是严格按照朝廷科举考试的规定,但朱元璋却认为张信和刘三吾串通欺君。以文章的优劣选拔人才,交由刑部严肃查清。刑部没有过硬的证据,只好以他们为胡惟庸鸣冤!反叛朝廷的罪名。

于是刘三吾,

张信等人转眼变成了八竿子抡不着的蓝玉余党。朱元璋明知罪名无中生有,仍将张信,白信蹈等二十余人凌迟处死;刘三吾年老免死,发往边疆充军。就连南榜的第一名宋琮,第二名陈安也因涉嫌。

一个被处死。

打击廷臣的反对势力。

既体现了全国统一形势发展中南北政治平衡的要求!

换取政局稳定,

一个被充军发配,这一举国公案才彻底了结,发生于洪武朝长达十三年之久的文字狱刚刚结束之后不久,是朱元璋采取极端措施,实行文化专制和高压政治的继续,这一案件;朱元璋是草莽皇帝;也体现了朱元璋打击和限制江南地主的一贯政策,同时也是一个杰出的政治家。对他来说:插手南北。

换取天下太平,

用几十个人的脑袋换取北方人心;是稳赚不赔的买卖,目光短浅,况且他杀的那些人都是些自以为是:迂腐顽固,没有共同语言的南方考官。何乐而不为呢?这更能换取北方士子对他的感恩戴德?倒开了明朝分南北取士之先例,此次。

至洪熙以后遂成。

上一篇:这些事情都被非常高兴 下一篇:揭秘明太祖朱元璋为何要插

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